List of Birds in Karnala Bird Sanctuary

List of Birds in Karnala Bird Sanctuary

Contents

Birds in Karnala Bird Sanctuary

Nestled in the lush green Western Ghats about 50 km from Mumbai lies the serene Karnala Bird Sanctuary. This compact yet vibrant sanctuary plays host to over 150 species of colorful, melodious birds that fill the forest with vivacious energy and song. Be it the raucous calls of hornbills, the twittering of sunbirds, or the cooing of doves, the sanctuary comes alive with avian sounds. As you walk along the trail, you may spot a vivid blue kingfisher perched on a branch, scanning the waters for its next meal. Look up and you may catch sight of a stately crested serpent eagle soaring high above in search of prey. With each winding turn, the lush forests of Karnala sanctuary reveal special avian treasures for eager birdwatchers. The array of birds found here reflects the diversity of the Western Ghats landscape. In the following sections, we explore some of the many spectacular birds that inhabit this natural haven.

Common Hawk-Cuckoo (Hierococcyx varius):

The Common Hawk-Cuckoo, with its striking appearance and distinctive call, is a captivating resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. This medium-sized bird is known for its hawk-like flight and remarkable mimicry skills, imitating the calls of other birds with finesse. During the breeding season, its plaintive calls resonate through the sanctuary, adding a melodious touch to the natural symphony. Bird enthusiasts often find joy in spotting this elusive cuckoo perched on a branch, its mesmerizing plumage catching the sunlight as it surveys its surroundings.

Brown-headed Barbet (Psilopogon zeylanicus):

The Brown-headed Barbet, adorned with vibrant plumage and a distinct call resembling a rhythmic drumbeat, is a common and delightful sight in Karnala Bird Sanctuary. This charismatic barbet is known for its acrobatic antics as it moves through the trees, foraging for fruits and insects. Its presence adds a burst of color to the lush greenery of the sanctuary, and the rhythmic tapping sounds serve as a rhythmic backdrop to the tranquil ambiance of this avian haven.

Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius):

The Common Tailorbird, a tiny yet industrious bird, is a resident of the Karnala Bird Sanctuary that never fails to charm observers. This skilled tailor of the avian world constructs its nest by sewing together leaves with plant fibers, showcasing its exceptional craftsmanship. With its cheerful and melodious calls, the Common Tailorbird adds a touch of liveliness to the sanctuary’s atmosphere, making it a favorite among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax):

The Black-crowned Night Heron, a nocturnal heron species, graces the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its enigmatic presence. Recognizable by its distinctive black crown and piercing red eyes, this heron is a master at stealthily hunting for fish and other aquatic prey under the cover of darkness. Witnessing the silhouette of this elegant bird against the backdrop of the setting sun or rising moon is a truly mesmerizing experience for anyone exploring the sanctuary.

Shikra (Accipiter badius):

The Shikra, a dashing bird of prey, is a prominent resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, soaring through the skies with impressive agility. Its sharp eyes and swift flight make it a formidable hunter, preying on smaller birds and insects. Despite its predatory nature, the Shikra’s presence contributes to the ecological balance of the sanctuary, showcasing the diverse roles that birds play in this thriving ecosystem. Observing the Shikra in action is a thrilling testament to the beauty and power of nature.

Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus):

The Asian Koel, known for its distinctive call that resonates through the canopy, is a frequent visitor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary. The male’s glossy black plumage and the female’s striking brown and white markings make this bird a visual treat for birdwatchers. The Asian Koel’s presence adds a touch of mystique to the sanctuary, and its calls are often associated with the arrival of the monsoon season in the region. This charismatic bird is a true symbol of the sanctuary’s biodiversity and the wonders of avian life.

Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus):

The Black Drongo, a master of the skies with its glossy black plumage and distinctive forked tail, graces the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its charismatic presence. Often perched on prominent branches, the Black Drongo is a skilled aerial acrobat, swooping and diving with remarkable precision to catch insects in mid-air. Its jet-black feathers glisten in the sunlight, creating a stark yet beautiful contrast against the vibrant green foliage. Beyond its aerial prowess, the Black Drongo is known for its assertive nature, fearlessly defending its territory and adding a touch of drama to the avian community of the sanctuary.

Yellow-eyed Babbler (Chrysomma sinense):

The Yellow-eyed Babbler, a delightful and sociable bird, brings a splash of sunshine to the dense undergrowth of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Sporting a warm brown plumage and, as the name suggests, captivating yellow eyes, this babbler is often found in small flocks, chattering away in a chorus of cheerful calls. The Yellow-eyed Babbler’s lively presence contributes to the lively atmosphere of the sanctuary, as it moves through the foliage in search of insects and seeds. Observing these gregarious birds is a heartwarming experience, offering a glimpse into the camaraderie and interconnectedness of avian life in this diverse habitat.

Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia):

The Common Iora, a dainty and vibrant bird, is a common resident of the Karnala Bird Sanctuary, adding a burst of color to the green tapestry of the forest. The male, adorned in brilliant yellow and black plumage, is a striking sight as it flits between branches, emitting melodious calls that resonate through the air. Known for its acrobatic displays during courtship, the Common Iora showcases the playful and charming side of bird life in the sanctuary. Whether foraging for insects or engaging in lively courtship rituals, the Common Iora is a testament to the enchanting beauty that dwells within the heart of Karnala’s avian community.

Purple-rumped Sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica):

The Purple-rumped Sunbird, a jewel-like creature with iridescent plumage, is a tiny but enchanting inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. The male, adorned in vibrant hues of purple and green, is a dazzling sight as it flits from flower to flower, sipping nectar with its slender, curved bill. The delicate and agile nature of the Purple-rumped Sunbird adds a touch of grace to the sanctuary’s ecosystem, showcasing the intricate relationships between birds and the floral landscape. Whether observed in the sunlight or in the shade, this sunbird is a living testament to the vibrant tapestry of life that thrives in Karnala.

Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda):

The Rufous Treepie, with its striking black, white, and rust-colored plumage, is a charismatic and vocal member of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Known for its inquisitive nature, the Rufous Treepie can be seen hopping from branch to branch, exploring its surroundings with keen intelligence. Its varied calls, ranging from melodious to raucous, contribute to the auditory diversity of the sanctuary. Often found in small groups, the Rufous Treepie’s social interactions add a dynamic and entertaining element to the avian life of Karnala, making it a species that captures the attention and admiration of bird enthusiasts.

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker (Yungipicus nanus):

The Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, despite its diminutive size, is a lively and industrious resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Dressed in a combination of brown, black, and white feathers, this woodpecker can be spotted energetically drumming on tree trunks in search of insects. Its petite size does not diminish its determination, and the rhythmic tapping sounds resonate through the sanctuary, creating a percussion section in the natural orchestra. The Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker’s presence is a testament to the diversity of woodpecker species in Karnala, each contributing to the vibrant and intricate ecological tapestry of this avian haven.

Orange-headed Thrush (Geokichla citrina):

The Orange-headed Thrush, a resplendent songster of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, enchants with its melodious tunes and vibrant plumage. Dressed in earthy tones with a striking orange head, this thrush gracefully forages on the forest floor, creating a picturesque scene amidst the lush greenery. Its soulful calls resonate through the sanctuary, adding a soothing soundtrack to the natural ambiance. The Orange-headed Thrush is not merely a sight to behold but a musical maestro contributing to the auditory poetry of Karnala, making every encounter with this elegant bird a memorable experience for birdwatchers.

Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis):

The Common Kingfisher, a dazzling jewel of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, is a master angler that brings a brilliant splash of color to the water bodies within the sanctuary. With its electric blue and orange plumage, this pint-sized kingfisher is a stunning sight as it hovers above the water, then dives with lightning speed to snatch fish with its sharp beak. The vibrant flashes of blue against the green backdrop create a visual spectacle, making the Common Kingfisher a favorite among bird enthusiasts. Whether perched on a branch or in mid-flight, this agile and charming bird exemplifies the vibrant diversity of avian life in Karnala.

Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus):

The Bronzed Drongo, a sleek and iridescent marvel, is a frequent visitor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary, showcasing its aerial prowess and intelligence. With glossy black plumage that gleams bronze in the sunlight, this drongo is often seen darting through the canopy, catching insects in mid-air with incredible precision. Known for its agility and acrobatics, the Bronzed Drongo adds a dynamic element to the sanctuary’s avian community. Its sharp and melodious calls echo through the foliage, creating a symphony that complements the natural rhythm of Karnala.

Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis):

The Greater Coucal, with its long, majestic tail and distinctive deep calls, is a stately resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. This large, ground-dwelling bird, adorned in rich chestnut plumage, moves through the undergrowth with deliberate grace. Its distinctive “kow-kow-kow” calls resonate through the sanctuary, marking its territory and adding a regal touch to the auditory landscape. The Greater Coucal’s presence is a testament to the sanctuary’s ability to support a diverse range of bird species, each contributing to the rich tapestry of life that defines Karnala.

Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus):

The Indian Peafowl, with its resplendent plumage and captivating courtship displays, is a symbol of beauty and grace in Karnala Bird Sanctuary. The male peafowl, or peacock, dazzles with its iridescent blue and green feathers, while the intricate patterns on its tail feathers create a mesmerizing spectacle during courtship. The female, or peahen, exhibits a subtle elegance with her muted tones. The presence of these iconic birds adds a touch of royalty to the sanctuary’s landscape, making every encounter with a strutting peacock or a content peahen a moment of natural grandeur.

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (Leiopicus mahrattensis):

The Yellow-crowned Woodpecker, a vibrant and agile member of the woodpecker family, graces the trees of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its lively presence. Sporting a yellow crown and intricate black and white patterns, this woodpecker diligently taps on tree trunks in search of insects. Its rhythmic drumming sounds echo through the forest, creating a percussion section in the avian orchestra of Karnala. The Yellow-crowned Woodpecker’s foraging habits and vivid plumage make it a delightful species to observe, embodying the harmony between birds and their natural habitat.

White-cheeked Barbet (Megalaima viridis):

The White-cheeked Barbet, with its vibrant green plumage and distinctive calls, is a charming resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. This medium-sized barbet, adorned with a white cheek stripe, adds a splash of color to the foliage as it perches on branches, foraging for fruits and insects. Its cheerful calls, resembling a series of melodious notes, contribute to the acoustic diversity of the sanctuary. The White-cheeked Barbet’s presence is a testament to the sanctuary’s role as a haven for a variety of avian species, each playing a unique role in the vibrant ecosystem of Karnala.

Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger):

The Little Cormorant, a sleek and proficient fisher, graces the waters of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive presence. With its dark plumage and slender neck, this aquatic bird dives skillfully into the ponds and water bodies, emerging with glistening wet feathers after successful fishing expeditions. The Little Cormorant’s silhouette against the shimmering water creates a picturesque scene, highlighting its role as a skilled hunter in the aquatic realm of Karnala. This bird’s resilience and aquatic prowess add a unique charm to the diverse avian community thriving in the sanctuary.

Coppersmith Barbet (Psilopogon haemacephalus):

The Coppersmith Barbet, a small yet vibrant resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, is renowned for its rhythmic “copper-smith” calls that resonate through the wooded areas. Dressed in a combination of green and crimson, this barbet is often found perched on tree branches, hammering away at wood to create nest cavities. The Coppersmith Barbet’s energetic and rhythmic calls contribute to the auditory allure of the sanctuary, creating a natural percussion that complements the vibrant tapestry of birdlife in Karnala. Observing this industrious barbet adds a symphony of sound to the sanctuary’s enchanting ambiance.

Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri):

The Rose-ringed Parakeet, with its vibrant emerald green plumage and distinct rose-colored collar, is a lively and sociable inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Flying in noisy flocks, these parakeets add a burst of color to the sanctuary’s skies, their raucous calls echoing through the treetops. The Rose-ringed Parakeet’s acrobatic displays and playful interactions showcase the joyous and dynamic nature of these social birds. Whether observed in flight or feeding on fruits, these parakeets bring an infectious energy to the sanctuary, making them a delightful species for birdwatchers to encounter.

Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea):

The Black-naped Monarch, a dainty and elegant bird, graces the foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its striking azure-blue plumage and distinctive black nape. This monarch moves with grace through the trees, hunting insects and caterpillars with its agile maneuvers. Its melodious calls, reminiscent of musical notes, add a serene touch to the sanctuary’s soundscape. The Black-naped Monarch’s enchanting presence exemplifies the delicate balance of beauty and functionality in the avian world, creating a captivating sight for those fortunate enough to witness its aerial displays.

Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striata):

The Jungle Babbler, a gregarious and lively bird, is a common sight in the dense vegetation of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Often found in bustling groups, these babblers are known for their constant chattering and playful antics as they forage for insects and seeds. The Jungle Babbler’s cooperative nature and social interactions contribute to the lively and communal atmosphere of the sanctuary. Whether engaged in mutual grooming or collectively seeking food, these babblers exemplify the strength of community bonds within the avian world of Karnala.

Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata):

The Pied Bushchat, a striking bird with black and white plumage, is a charming resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. The male, with its distinctive black head and white body, is a visual delight as it perches on low branches, keeping a watchful eye on its territory. The Pied Bushchat’s melodious calls add a musical element to the sanctuary’s soundscape, creating a serene backdrop to its vibrant ecosystem. Whether observed in the open grasslands or perched on shrubs, the Pied Bushchat contributes to the visual and auditory richness of Karnala.

Oriental Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis):

The Oriental Magpie-Robin, a sleek and agile bird, is a common and charismatic inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its black and white plumage and long, expressive tail, this robin is often seen hopping around the forest floor, hunting insects and singing melodious tunes. The male’s captivating song adds a lyrical quality to the sanctuary, creating a harmonious backdrop to its diverse avian community. The Oriental Magpie-Robin’s presence is a testament to the sanctuary’s ability to support a variety of bird species, each contributing to the natural symphony that defines Karnala.

Indian Pitta (Pitta brachyura):

The Indian Pitta, a kaleidoscope of colors and a true gem of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, brings a vibrant touch to the forest floor. Its rainbow palette of green, blue, yellow, and orange feathers makes it a sought-after sighting for bird enthusiasts. This ground-dwelling bird is known for its distinctive two-note whistling call, echoing through the dense vegetation. The Indian Pitta’s secretive nature and dazzling appearance make it a delightful challenge to spot, adding an air of mystery and excitement to any encounter in the sanctuary.

Common Woodshrike (Tephrodornis pondicerianus):

The Common Woodshrike, with its elegant grey and white plumage, is a master of stealth in the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. This skilled hunter perches on branches, waiting patiently to pounce on unsuspecting insects. Its melodious calls and agile movements add a touch of grace to the sanctuary, providing a harmonious contrast to its busy and vibrant avian community. The Common Woodshrike’s ability to blend into its surroundings and its predatory prowess showcase the diverse strategies employed by birds to thrive in Karnala’s rich ecosystem.

Pied Cuckoo (Clamator jacobinus):

The Pied Cuckoo, a harbinger of the Indian monsoon, is a migratory visitor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Known for its striking black and white plumage, this cuckoo is often associated with the arrival of the rainy season. Its repetitive and rhythmic calls, resembling the phrase “brain-fever,” announce the impending downpour. The Pied Cuckoo’s seasonal presence adds a sense of anticipation and celebration to the sanctuary, symbolizing the cyclical patterns of nature that govern the lives of its diverse inhabitants.

Indian Silverbill (Euodice malabarica):

The Indian Silverbill, a tiny and charming seedeater, graces the grassy expanses of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Dressed in soft shades of brown with subtle silver markings, this small bird forages for grass seeds with delicate precision. The Indian Silverbill’s sociable nature is evident as it moves in small flocks, contributing to the lively and communal atmosphere of the sanctuary. Its unassuming beauty and cheerful presence make the Indian Silverbill a testament to the diversity of birdlife thriving in Karnala.

Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense):

The Black-rumped Flameback, a woodpecker adorned with fiery red plumage, is a captivating sight against the backdrop of Karnala Bird Sanctuary’s lush greenery. This flameback’s rhythmic drumming resonates through the forest as it seeks insects beneath the bark of trees. Its vibrant colors and distinctive calls add an artistic and auditory element to the sanctuary, making it a visual and acoustic spectacle for birdwatchers. The Black-rumped Flameback’s role in the ecosystem underscores the interconnectedness of birds and their environment in Karnala.

Indian Robin:

The Indian Robin, a small and agile bird with distinctive black and orange markings, is a year-round resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. The male’s striking black face and bright orange belly make it easily recognizable as it flits through the undergrowth, foraging for insects. The Indian Robin’s melodious song adds a musical note to the sanctuary’s soundscape, creating a serene and harmonious backdrop to its diverse avian community. Whether observed in the open areas or hidden in the shadows, the Indian Robin contributes to the visual and auditory richness of Karnala.

White-throated Kingfisher:

The White-throated Kingfisher, a regal bird with striking blue and white plumage, is a common and charismatic inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Perched on branches or poles near water bodies, this kingfisher dives with precision to catch fish and aquatic prey. Its unmistakable rattling call echoes across the sanctuary, signaling its presence and adding a lively note to the natural symphony. The White-throated Kingfisher’s beauty, hunting prowess, and vocal talents make it a beloved and iconic species in Karnala’s diverse avian community.

Small Minivet:

The Small Minivet, a delightful and colorful bird, graces the canopies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its vibrant presence. With its striking combination of black, yellow, and white plumage, the male Small Minivet is a visual spectacle as it flits through the branches. The female, adorned in more subdued tones, adds a touch of elegance to the ensemble. These minivets are often observed in pairs or small groups, bringing a sense of camaraderie and cooperative foraging to the sanctuary. The Small Minivet’s lively colors and social nature contribute to the visual vibrancy of Karnala’s avian community.

Indian Golden Oriole:

The Indian Golden Oriole, a radiant bird with golden-yellow plumage, adds a touch of splendor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary. The male, resplendent in its golden attire, is a vision as it moves through the foliage in search of fruits and insects. The liquid, flute-like calls of the Indian Golden Oriole resonate through the sanctuary, creating a melodic atmosphere. The female, with more subdued tones, exemplifies the subtle beauty that complements the vibrant palette of the male. The Indian Golden Oriole is a true symbol of the sanctuary’s avian elegance and grace.

Black-hooded Oriole:

The Black-hooded Oriole, a striking bird with contrasting black and yellow plumage, is a charismatic resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its distinctive black head and bright yellow body, this oriole is a visual delight as it perches on treetops, showcasing its vivid colors. The melodious and flute-like calls of the Black-hooded Oriole add a soothing note to the sanctuary’s soundscape. Whether observed in flight or leisurely foraging for fruits, this oriole’s presence is a testament to the sanctuary’s ability to host a diverse range of visually stunning bird species.

Red-whiskered Bulbul:

The Red-whiskered Bulbul, a lively and sociable bird, brings energy to the foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its lively presence. Dressed in a combination of brown, white, and red markings, this bulbul is often found in small groups, chattering away in a chorus of cheerful calls. The distinctive red cheek patches, or “whiskers,” add a touch of flair to its appearance. The Red-whiskered Bulbul’s dynamic nature and vibrant plumage contribute to the lively and communal atmosphere of the sanctuary, making it a charming species for birdwatchers to encounter.

Red-vented Bulbul:

The Red-vented Bulbul, a common and adaptable bird, is a frequent visitor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its brown and white plumage, the red patch at the base of its tail is a standout feature. These bulbuls are known for their melodious calls, adding a musical element to the sanctuary’s soundscape. Their agile movements and sociable nature make them a ubiquitous and beloved presence in the sanctuary, exemplifying the harmony between birds and their environment in Karnala.

Western Crowned Warbler:

The Western Crowned Warbler, a tiny and agile warbler, graces the branches of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle yet elegant appearance. Dressed in shades of olive and yellow, this warbler moves with quick, darting motions as it forages for insects among the foliage. Its soft and musical calls add a delicate note to the sanctuary’s auditory tapestry. The Western Crowned Warbler’s unassuming beauty and graceful movements make it a charming addition to the diverse array of bird species thriving in Karnala.

Golden-fronted Leafbird:

The Golden-fronted Leafbird, a master of camouflage with its vibrant green and yellow plumage, is a hidden jewel in the canopies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. This leafbird’s striking appearance allows it to blend seamlessly with the foliage as it feeds on fruits and insects. The golden crown on its forehead adds a regal touch to its already resplendent attire. The melodious and varied calls of the Golden-fronted Leafbird contribute to the sanctuary’s acoustic richness, creating a harmonious ambiance. Observing this leafbird in its natural habitat is a testament to the sanctuary’s role as a haven for birds with diverse and captivating characteristics.

Yellow-throated Sparrow:

The Yellow-throated Sparrow, a small and charming bird, graces the open spaces of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle yet distinctive presence. With a warm beige and brown plumage, the male of this species showcases a vibrant yellow throat during the breeding season. Often observed foraging on the ground for seeds and insects, the Yellow-throated Sparrow brings a touch of simplicity and natural elegance to the sanctuary’s landscape. Its cheerful chirps contribute to the auditory tapestry of Karnala, making it a delightful species for birdwatchers to encounter.

Gray Wagtail:

The Gray Wagtail, a slender and graceful bird, adds a touch of movement and elegance to the water bodies within Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Dressed in shades of gray and yellow, this wagtail bobs its tail while foraging along the water’s edge, creating a mesmerizing visual display. Its melodious calls resonate near streams and rivers, adding a soothing note to the sanctuary’s soundscape. The Gray Wagtail’s association with water and its agile movements make it a dynamic and captivating species, highlighting the diverse avian life that flourishes in Karnala.

Rock Pigeon:

The Rock Pigeon, a familiar and adaptable bird, finds its place among both urban landscapes and the natural expanse of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Recognizable by its gray plumage and distinctive cooing calls, the Rock Pigeon is a common sight in open areas, rocky cliffs, and even within the sanctuary’s diverse habitats. Its resilience and ability to thrive in various environments make it a testament to the adaptability of birds in Karnala. Though ubiquitous, the Rock Pigeon’s presence adds a sense of familiarity and connection to the avian community within the sanctuary.

Little Egret:

The Little Egret, an elegant wader with snowy white plumage and slender black legs, graces the wetlands and water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its deliberate and graceful movements, this egret stalks its prey, often small fish and aquatic invertebrates, in shallow waters. The contrast of its white feathers against the green backdrop creates a picturesque scene as the Little Egret searches for its next meal. Its presence adds a touch of sophistication and tranquility to the sanctuary’s aquatic ecosystems.

Indian Pond-Heron:

The Indian Pond-Heron, a small heron with a distinctive mottled appearance, is a common sight in the shallow waters of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its cryptic plumage, this heron patiently waits at the water’s edge, making sudden strikes to catch fish and amphibians. Its adaptability to various water habitats, from ponds to marshes, showcases the diverse ecosystems within the sanctuary. The Indian Pond-Heron’s unassuming yet efficient hunting style makes it a fascinating species to observe in the sanctuary’s wetland environments.

Eastern Cattle Egret:

The Eastern Cattle Egret, a white-plumaged bird with contrasting orange-brown markings during the breeding season, is a familiar sight in the grasslands and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Often found in the company of livestock, these egrets feed on insects stirred up by grazing animals, showcasing a unique ecological association. The Eastern Cattle Egret’s foraging behavior and striking breeding colors contribute to the dynamic and interconnected web of life within the sanctuary, demonstrating the adaptability of birds to diverse habitats.

Booted Eagle:

The Booted Eagle, a majestic raptor with distinctive feathered legs, soars through the skies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, adding a touch of grandeur to the aerial realm. With varying color morphs, from dark to pale, this eagle is a skilled hunter, preying on small mammals and birds. Its presence underscores the ecological balance of the sanctuary, serving as a top predator in the avian hierarchy. The Booted Eagle’s powerful flights and keen hunting instincts make it a symbol of both strength and grace within the diverse avian community of Karnala.

Black Kite:

The Black Kite, a master of the skies with its wings spread wide, graces the thermals above Karnala Bird Sanctuary, showcasing its prowess as a raptor. With a distinctive forked tail and dark plumage, these kites are often seen soaring effortlessly, scanning the landscape for opportunities. The Black Kite’s presence adds a sense of wild freedom to the sanctuary, symbolizing the untamed spirit of the avian residents that call Karnala home.

Jungle Owlet:

The Jungle Owlet, a small and elusive nocturnal bird, adds an air of mystery to the dense foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its cryptic plumage and large, expressive eyes, this owlet is a master of camouflage, blending seamlessly with the shadows. The haunting calls of the Jungle Owlet resonate through the sanctuary after sunset, creating an atmospheric soundtrack to the night. Spotting this secretive bird is a thrilling experience, offering a glimpse into the enchanting nocturnal world of Karnala.

Indian Gray Hornbill:

The Indian Gray Hornbill, a charismatic and distinctive bird, brings a touch of the exotic to Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its unique appearance. With a large, curved bill and a distinctive casque on its upper mandible, this hornbill is a symbol of the sanctuary’s avian diversity. Often seen hopping through the treetops in search of fruits and insects, the Indian Gray Hornbill’s presence adds a sense of tropical wonder to the sanctuary’s vibrant ecosystem.

Asian Green Bee-eater:

The Asian Green Bee-eater, a jewel-toned beauty with emerald-green plumage, adds a burst of color to the skies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Often perched on exposed branches, these bee-eaters showcase their vibrant feathers while scanning for flying insects. The aerobatic displays of the Asian Green Bee-eater, as it catches and devours its prey mid-flight, are a visual treat for birdwatchers. This agile and colorful bird contributes to the lively and dynamic atmosphere of Karnala.

Alexandrine Parakeet:

The Alexandrine Parakeet, a majestic and large parrot with vibrant plumage, is a regal resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its distinctive rose-colored ring around its neck, this parakeet adds a touch of royalty to the treetops. The raucous calls and playful antics of the Alexandrine Parakeet create a lively and social atmosphere in the sanctuary. Whether observed in flight or feeding on fruits, this parakeet is a visual spectacle, embodying the splendor of Karnala’s avian community.

Plum-headed Parakeet:

The Plum-headed Parakeet, a small and colorful parrot with a striking plumage of pink and purple, is a charming inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its vibrant colors and playful demeanor, this parakeet adds a touch of whimsy to the sanctuary’s trees and foliage. The melodious calls and social interactions of the Plum-headed Parakeet contribute to the lively and communal ambiance of Karnala, making it a delightful species to encounter.

Large Cuckooshrike:

The Large Cuckooshrike, a sleek and predatory bird, graces the canopy of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its monochrome elegance. With its black and white plumage, this cuckooshrike is often observed perching at vantage points, scanning for insects and small prey. The melodious calls of the Large Cuckooshrike add a musical note to the sanctuary’s auditory landscape. Its predatory prowess and distinctive appearance make it a captivating addition to the diverse array of birds thriving in Karnala.

Ashy Drongo:

The Ashy Drongo, a master of the aerial realm, graces the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its sleek and charcoal-gray plumage. With a distinctive forked tail and glossy feathers, this drongo is a dynamic presence, swooping and diving to catch insects in mid-air. The Ashy Drongo’s sharp, whistling calls punctuate the sanctuary’s soundscape, adding a touch of drama to the avian symphony. Its agile movements and adaptability make it a fascinating species to observe, embodying the spirit of wild elegance within Karnala.

White-bellied Drongo:

The White-bellied Drongo, an avian artist adorned in glossy black plumage, is a striking inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its long, deeply forked tail and iridescent feathers, this drongo is a visual spectacle as it moves through the foliage, catching insects in flight. The White-bellied Drongo’s melodious whistles and chattering calls contribute to the lively auditory tapestry of the sanctuary. This avian virtuoso’s presence highlights the sanctuary’s role as a haven for birds with diverse and captivating characteristics.

Indian Paradise-Flycatcher:

The Indian Paradise-Flycatcher, a celestial creature with long, flowing tail feathers, graces the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its ethereal beauty. The male, dressed in resplendent white or rufous plumage, is a vision as it performs acrobatic displays to attract a mate. The fluttering, ribbon-like tail adds an enchanting touch to the sanctuary’s landscape. The Indian Paradise-Flycatcher’s presence is a testament to the sanctuary’s ability to host birds that evoke a sense of wonder and awe.

House Crow:

The House Crow, a familiar and adaptable companion to human settlements, is a common sight in the urban and suburban areas surrounding Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its glossy black plumage and raucous cawing calls, this crow is a symbol of resilience and adaptability. Despite its ubiquity, the House Crow plays a crucial role in the ecological balance of the sanctuary, showcasing the interconnectedness between human-altered landscapes and the natural world.

Large-billed Crow:

The Large-billed Crow, a robust and intelligent corvid, adds a touch of avian charisma to the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Distinguished by its larger size and powerful bill, this crow is often observed perching on treetops, displaying its keen observational skills. The Large-billed Crow’s vocalizations and problem-solving abilities contribute to the dynamic nature of the sanctuary’s avian community. Its presence serves as a reminder of the intelligence and adaptability of corvid species within Karnala.

Green Warbler:

The Green Warbler, a small and vibrant warbler with hues of green and yellow, brings a refreshing touch to the dense foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its agile movements and insect-hunting prowess, this warbler flits through the leaves, adding a burst of color to the sanctuary’s green canopy. The cheerful and melodic calls of the Green Warbler contribute to the uplifting soundscape of Karnala, creating a harmonious ambiance within the sanctuary’s vibrant ecosystems.

Greenish Warbler:

The Greenish Warbler, a subtle yet charming bird with a blend of olive and yellow tones, is a migratory visitor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its distinctive song and quick, agile movements, this warbler adds an element of curiosity to the sanctuary’s avian community. The Greenish Warbler’s seasonal presence highlights the sanctuary’s role as a transient haven for migratory birds, showcasing the interconnectedness of habitats across geographical boundaries. Observing this warbler is a testament to Karnala’s significance as a pitstop for birds on their long migratory journeys.

Brown-cheeked Fulvetta:

The Brown-cheeked Fulvetta, a tiny and sociable bird adorned with subtle earthy tones, brings a sense of community and camaraderie to the dense thickets of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its brown and olive plumage and distinct facial markings, this fulvetta is often seen foraging in small flocks, creating a lively presence among the foliage. The cheerful calls and constant movement of the Brown-cheeked Fulvetta contribute to the vibrant avian tapestry of Karnala, emphasizing the beauty found in the intricacies of small-scale interactions within the sanctuary.

Thick-billed Flowerpecker:

The Thick-billed Flowerpecker, a diminutive jewel of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, flits among the blossoms with its vibrant plumage and distinctive beak. With shades of green and red, this flowerpecker is a visual delight as it feeds on nectar and tiny fruits. The specialized bill allows for precision in extracting floral delights, showcasing the intricate relationship between the bird and the sanctuary’s flowering plants. The Thick-billed Flowerpecker’s presence highlights the role of Karnala as a haven for birds with specialized ecological niches.

Pale-billed Flowerpecker:

The Pale-billed Flowerpecker, a delicate and dainty bird, graces the flowering branches of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its diminutive presence. With soft green plumage and a pale bill, this flowerpecker is a subtle beauty as it flits among the blossoms, sipping nectar and feeding on small fruits. The Pale-billed Flowerpecker’s contribution to pollination underscores the interconnected relationships between birds and the diverse plant life within the sanctuary. Observing this tiny marvel is a testament to the intricate web of life flourishing in Karnala.

Vigors’s Sunbird:

Vigors’s Sunbird, a radiant jewel in the avian crown of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, brings a burst of color with its iridescent plumage and long, curved bill. With hues of metallic green and purple, this sunbird is often observed hovering near flowers, probing for nectar with its specialized tongue. The melodious and high-pitched calls of Vigors’s Sunbird add a musical note to the sanctuary’s soundscape, creating a lively and enchanting atmosphere. The presence of this sunbird is a testament to Karnala’s role as a sanctuary for birds that thrive in the vibrant ecosystems of flowering plants.

Spotted Dove:

The Spotted Dove, a gentle and unassuming bird, finds its place in the open areas and woodlands surrounding Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its muted brown plumage adorned with delicate spots, this dove radiates a sense of tranquility as it forages for seeds on the ground. The soft cooing calls of the Spotted Dove contribute to the soothing ambiance of Karnala, creating a peaceful backdrop to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community. This dove’s presence is a reminder of the sanctuary’s ability to host a variety of bird species, each contributing to the sanctuary’s unique character.

Laughing Dove:

The Laughing Dove, a small and graceful bird with a distinctive soft and rhythmic cooing call, graces the open areas and woodlands surrounding Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With subtle shades of pink and gray in its plumage, this dove adds a touch of warmth and elegance to the landscape. The Laughing Dove’s soothing calls and sociable nature contribute to the peaceful and harmonious atmosphere of Karnala, exemplifying the sanctuary’s role as a haven for diverse and coexisting bird species.

Asian Palm Swift:

The Asian Palm Swift, a master of the skies, dances through the air above the palm groves of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With long and slender wings and distinctive sickle-shaped wings, this swift is a graceful aerial acrobat. The Asian Palm Swift’s ability to cling to vertical surfaces and its agile flight add a dynamic element to the sanctuary’s skies. Whether observed singly or in flocks, the swift’s presence emphasizes the diverse range of bird species thriving in Karnala’s unique habitats, showcasing the interconnectedness between birds and their environment.

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo:

The Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, a striking and charismatic bird, graces the canopies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its long, forked tail adorned with distinctive racket-shaped tips. With glossy black plumage and crimson eyes, this drongo is a visual spectacle as it flits through the foliage, showcasing its aerial prowess. The mimicking calls of the Greater Racket-tailed Drongo add a touch of intrigue to the sanctuary’s auditory landscape. As both a hunter and a master imitator, this drongo represents the sanctuary’s ability to host birds with diverse and fascinating behaviors.

Ashy Prinia:

The Ashy Prinia, a small and agile warbler, brings a touch of subtlety and elegance to the grassy habitats of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With ashy-gray plumage and a distinctive long tail, this prinia is often observed flitting through the grass, foraging for insects. The melodious and rhythmic calls of the Ashy Prinia add a soothing note to the sanctuary’s soundscape, creating a harmonious ambiance. Despite its unassuming appearance, this warbler’s presence is a testament to the sanctuary’s role as a habitat for birds that thrive in diverse ecosystems.

Lesser Whitethroat:

The Lesser Whitethroat, a small and charming warbler, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle yet distinctive appearance. With a grayish-brown plumage and a hint of white around its throat, this warbler is often seen darting through shrubs and bushes, foraging for insects. The sweet and melodious calls of the Lesser Whitethroat contribute to the sanctuary’s auditory richness, creating a delightful soundscape. The presence of this warbler highlights the diversity of bird species that find refuge in Karnala’s varied habitats.

Puff-throated Babbler:

The Puff-throated Babbler, a sociable and vocal bird, adds a touch of gregariousness to the undergrowth of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a distinctive puff-like appearance on its throat and warm brown plumage, this babbler is often found in small groups, creating a lively and chattering atmosphere. The varied calls and communicative nature of the Puff-throated Babbler contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community. This species exemplifies the interconnectedness and social dynamics that thrive within the sanctuary’s diverse ecosystems.

Asian Brown Flycatcher:

The Asian Brown Flycatcher, a small and agile insectivore, graces the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its understated beauty. With a mix of brown and olive plumage, this flycatcher is often observed perched on branches, making quick sallies to catch flying insects. The soft and musical calls of the Asian Brown Flycatcher add a gentle note to the sanctuary’s soundscape. Its unassuming yet efficient foraging behavior underscores the intricate relationships between birds and their environment in Karnala.

Verditer Flycatcher:

The Verditer Flycatcher, a stunning jewel of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, brightens the woodlands with its vibrant turquoise plumage. With a contrasting black mask and wings, this flycatcher is a visual delight as it perches on exposed branches, catching insects in mid-air. The melodious and cheerful calls of the Verditer Flycatcher contribute to the lively ambiance of the sanctuary. This species, with its brilliant colors and aerial agility, exemplifies the diversity of birds that thrive in Karnala’s rich and varied habitats.

Malabar Whistling-Thrush:

The Malabar Whistling-Thrush, a mysterious and melodious songster, graces the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its glossy blue-black plumage. With a hauntingly beautiful whistle that echoes through the dense forests, this thrush creates an enchanting atmosphere in the sanctuary. The Malabar Whistling-Thrush’s presence near streams and rivers adds a touch of wild elegance to Karnala, emphasizing the sanctuary’s role as a haven for birds that thrive in riparian habitats. Observing this thrush is an immersive experience, providing a glimpse into the serenity and natural wonders of Karnala.

Loten’s Sunbird:

Loten’s Sunbird, a radiant jewel among Karnala Bird Sanctuary’s avian treasures, graces the flowering landscapes with its vibrant plumage and iridescent sheen. The male, adorned in metallic blues and greens, flits among blossoms, sipping nectar with its specialized bill. Its melodious calls resonate with the joy of vibrant ecosystems, making Loten’s Sunbird a symbol of beauty and vitality within Karnala. The presence of this sunbird adds a touch of brilliance to the sanctuary, illustrating the interconnected relationship between birds and the diverse plant life that flourishes within Karnala.

Tricolored Munia:

The Tricolored Munia, a dainty and colorful finch, brings a palette of hues to the grasslands and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its blend of chestnut, black, and white plumage, this munia is a charming sight as it forages for seeds and small insects. The cheerful chirps and social nature of the Tricolored Munia create a lively atmosphere, emphasizing the importance of community dynamics within Karnala. This finch’s presence highlights the sanctuary’s role as a habitat for birds that thrive in diverse and open landscapes.

Common Cuckoo:

The Common Cuckoo, a harbinger of changing seasons, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its enigmatic behavior and distinct calls. Known for its brood parasitic habits, the female Common Cuckoo lays its eggs in the nests of other bird species. The echoing calls of the male cuckoo contribute to the sanctuary’s auditory landscape, marking the passage of time and the cycles of nature. The presence of the Common Cuckoo adds a touch of mystery to Karnala, symbolizing the intricate and interconnected web of life within the sanctuary.

Painted Stork:

The Painted Stork, a majestic wader with its distinctive pink and black wings, graces the wetlands and water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a wingspan that commands attention, this stork is often seen wading through shallow waters, sweeping its bill from side to side in search of aquatic prey. The rhythmic sounds of bill clattering and wing flapping create a captivating spectacle. The presence of the Painted Stork emphasizes the sanctuary’s role as a habitat for birds that thrive in diverse wetland ecosystems.

Medium Egret:

The Medium Egret, an elegant wader with snowy white plumage and a slender silhouette, adds a touch of grace to the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With deliberate movements, this egret stalks its prey in shallow waters, showcasing its skill in capturing fish and other aquatic creatures. The Medium Egret’s presence underscores the sanctuary’s rich biodiversity and the delicate balance of life within its wetland habitats. Its serene demeanor and distinctive appearance contribute to the sanctuary’s tranquil ambiance.

Gray-headed Canary-Flycatcher:

The Gray-headed Canary-Flycatcher, a charming and tiny flycatcher, graces the canopies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive plumage and cheerful demeanor. With shades of yellow and gray, this flycatcher flits through the foliage, catching insects in mid-air. Its sweet and melodious calls add a delightful note to the sanctuary’s soundscape, creating a harmonious atmosphere. The Gray-headed Canary-Flycatcher’s presence highlights the diversity of bird species that find refuge in Karnala’s varied habitats, showcasing the sanctuary’s role as a haven for birds with unique and captivating characteristics.

Jungle Prinia:

The Jungle Prinia, a lively and agile warbler, brings its energetic presence to the grassy expanses of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a distinctive striped plumage and a long tail held high, this prinia is often seen darting through the grass, foraging for insects. The cheerful and rapid trilling calls of the Jungle Prinia create a lively soundscape, embodying the spirit of vitality within the sanctuary. Its ability to thrive in diverse habitats emphasizes the adaptability of birds within Karnala’s rich ecosystems.

Plain Prinia:

The Plain Prinia, a subtle yet charming warbler, graces the grasslands and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its unassuming beauty. With muted brown and white plumage, this prinia blends seamlessly into the grass as it forages for insects. The gentle and melodious calls of the Plain Prinia contribute to the soothing ambiance of the sanctuary, highlighting the simple elegance of this unpretentious bird. Its unobtrusive presence underscores the sanctuary’s role as a habitat for a variety of bird species, each playing a unique role in the ecosystem.

White-browed Bulbul:

The White-browed Bulbul, a charismatic songster with a distinctive white stripe above its eyes, graces the woodlands and gardens of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its vibrant and contrasting plumage, this bulbul adds a touch of vibrancy to the sanctuary’s green canopy. The melodious and varied calls of the White-browed Bulbul contribute to the lively and musical atmosphere of Karnala, showcasing the avian diversity that thrives within the sanctuary’s diverse habitats.

White-eared Bulbul:

The White-eared Bulbul, a charming and sociable bird, is a delightful resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary’s woodlands and shrubbery. With its distinctive white ear patches and brown plumage, this bulbul is often observed in pairs or small groups, creating a sense of camaraderie. The lively and conversational calls of the White-eared Bulbul add a cheerful note to the sanctuary’s soundscape, highlighting the social dynamics and interconnectedness of bird species within Karnala.

Common Myna:

The Common Myna, a ubiquitous and adaptable companion to human settlements, is a familiar sight in and around Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its brown plumage, yellow eye patches, and assertive behavior, this myna is known for its vocal prowess and ability to mimic a variety of sounds. The raucous calls and lively interactions of the Common Myna contribute to the dynamic nature of the sanctuary’s avian community, showcasing the adaptability of certain bird species in the human-altered landscapes surrounding Karnala.

House Sparrow:

The House Sparrow, a small and familiar bird that has long shared its life with humans, is a common sight in the vicinity of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its brown and gray plumage and cheerful chirps, this sparrow adds a touch of familiarity to the urban and suburban areas surrounding the sanctuary. The House Sparrow’s ability to coexist with human settlements emphasizes the interconnectedness between birdlife and the diverse landscapes that encompass Karnala.

Red Spurfowl:

The Red Spurfowl, a secretive and ground-dwelling bird, adds an element of mystery to the dense undergrowth of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its striking red and brown plumage, this spurfowl is often heard more than seen, emitting sharp calls that resonate through the sanctuary’s woodlands. The elusive nature of the Red Spurfowl adds a sense of intrigue to Karnala, symbolizing the hidden wonders that await within the sanctuary’s diverse and densely vegetated habitats. Observing this spurfowl is a rare and rewarding experience, showcasing the sanctuary’s role as a haven for birds that thrive in undisturbed and secluded environments.

Black-headed Ibis:

The Black-headed Ibis, a graceful wader with distinctive plumage, adds a touch of elegance to the wetlands and water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its striking black head and neck, contrasted against white body plumage, this ibis is a captivating sight as it forages for aquatic prey. The slow and deliberate movements of the Black-headed Ibis create a serene ambiance, underscoring the sanctuary’s role as a haven for birds that thrive in diverse wetland ecosystems.

Blyth’s Reed Warbler:

Blyth’s Reed Warbler, a secretive and migratory songbird, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle beauty and melodic calls. With muted brown and buff plumage, this warbler is often found hidden in dense vegetation, adding a touch of mystery to the sanctuary’s woodlands. The sweet and varied notes of Blyth’s Reed Warbler contribute to the sanctuary’s auditory richness, creating a harmonious soundscape. The seasonal presence of this migratory warbler underscores Karnala’s significance as a transient stopover for birds on their long journeys.

Rufous Woodpecker:

The Rufous Woodpecker, a master of percussive drumming and arboreal acrobatics, graces the trees of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its vibrant plumage and rhythmic tapping. With a combination of rufous and black feathers, this woodpecker is often observed searching for insects beneath the bark of trees. The distinctive drumming sounds and calls of the Rufous Woodpecker contribute to the lively and dynamic atmosphere of the sanctuary. Its presence highlights the interconnected relationships between birds and the diverse tree habitats within Karnala.

Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo:

The Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo, an enigmatic and fork-tailed wonder, adds an element of intrigue to the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With sleek black plumage and a deeply forked tail, this cuckoo mimics the appearance of drongos, showcasing nature’s mimicry at its finest. The unique calls and mimicry skills of the Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo contribute to the sanctuary’s avian diversity, creating a sense of wonder and surprise for those fortunate enough to observe this elusive bird.

Great Egret:

The Great Egret, a majestic wader with pristine white plumage and a towering stature, graces the wetlands and water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With slow and deliberate movements, this egret stalks its prey in shallow waters, creating a visual spectacle against the lush greenery. The elegant and statuesque presence of the Great Egret adds a touch of grandeur to Karnala’s wetland habitats, emphasizing the sanctuary’s role as a haven for birds that thrive in diverse aquatic environments.

Black-winged Kite:

The Black-winged Kite, a raptor with striking black shoulder patches and distinctive hovering abilities, soars through the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With keen eyesight and graceful flight, this kite is often observed searching for small mammals and insects in open areas. The piercing calls and aerial displays of the Black-winged Kite contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, showcasing the adaptability and predatory prowess of raptors within Karnala.

Lesser Cuckoo:

The Lesser Cuckoo, a migratory songbird with a subtle yet charming appearance, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal visits. With shades of brown and white plumage, this cuckoo blends into the dense foliage, adding a touch of understated beauty to the sanctuary’s woodlands. The soft and melodious calls of the Lesser Cuckoo contribute to the tranquil ambiance of Karnala, creating a serene atmosphere that welcomes these seasonal migrants each year.

Orange Minivet:

The Orange Minivet, a burst of vivid color against the green tapestry of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, graces the woodlands with its striking plumage. With a brilliant orange and black contrast, this minivet is a visual delight as it flits through the foliage, catching insects on the wing. The musical and melodious calls of the Orange Minivet add a lively and cheerful note to the sanctuary’s soundscape. Its presence exemplifies the sanctuary’s role as a haven for birds that contribute to the vibrant and dynamic avian community.

Blue-faced Malkoha:

The Blue-faced Malkoha, a unique and secretive resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, adds an air of mystery to the dense undergrowth. With its intricate blue facial markings and long tail, this malkoha is often observed moving stealthily through the foliage, hunting for insects and small creatures. The low and guttural calls of the Blue-faced Malkoha contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse auditory landscape, creating an enchanting atmosphere that reflects the hidden wonders within Karnala.

Brahminy Kite:

The Brahminy Kite, a majestic raptor with distinctive reddish-brown plumage and a distinctive white head and chest, soars through the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With keen eyesight and powerful flight, this kite is often seen gliding effortlessly over water bodies, scanning for prey. The commanding presence and aerial displays of the Brahminy Kite contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, showcasing the prowess of raptors in Karnala’s diverse landscapes.

Eurasian Hoopoe:

The Eurasian Hoopoe, a charismatic and crested bird with a distinctive black and white pattern, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its iconic appearance. With its unique crown of feathers and long, slender bill, this hoopoe is often seen probing the ground for insects. The distinctive “hoopoe” calls and the rhythmic crest-raising displays of the Eurasian Hoopoe contribute to the lively and engaging ambiance of the sanctuary. Its presence underscores Karnala’s significance as a habitat for birds with distinctive and recognizable features.

Black-headed Cuckooshrike:

The Black-headed Cuckooshrike, a sleek and monochrome marvel, adds a touch of elegance to the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its glossy black head and contrasting white plumage, this cuckooshrike is often observed perched in the canopy, scanning for insects. The melodious and varied calls of the Black-headed Cuckooshrike contribute to the sanctuary’s auditory richness, creating a harmonious soundscape. Its presence exemplifies the sanctuary’s role as a habitat for birds with striking and sophisticated plumage.

Gray-breasted Prinia:

The Gray-breasted Prinia, a small and energetic warbler, graces the grassy expanses and shrubbery of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle beauty. With a combination of gray and buff plumage, this prinia flits through the grass, foraging for insects and small invertebrates. The sweet and melodious calls of the Gray-breasted Prinia add a gentle note to the sanctuary’s soundscape, creating a harmonious atmosphere. Its ability to thrive in diverse habitats emphasizes the adaptability of birds within Karnala’s rich ecosystems.

Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher:

The Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher, a jewel of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, brings a touch of tropical vibrancy to the dense woodlands. With its stunning iridescent plumage and diminutive size, this kingfisher is often observed near water bodies, hunting for small aquatic creatures. The high-pitched and sharp calls of the Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant soundscape, creating an enchanting atmosphere that reflects the diversity of birdlife within Karnala.

Indian Scimitar-Babbler:

The Indian Scimitar-Babbler, a master of stealth in the underbrush of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, adds an element of mystery to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community. With its olive-brown plumage and a distinctive scimitar-shaped mark on its throat, this babbler is often heard more than seen. The soft and melodious calls of the Indian Scimitar-Babbler contribute to the sanctuary’s rich soundscape, creating a harmonious environment that reflects the hidden wonders within Karnala.

Banded Bay Cuckoo:

The Banded Bay Cuckoo, a captivating and cryptic resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, graces the woodlands with its unique appearance. With bands of chestnut and white across its body, this cuckoo is a visual spectacle as it moves through the foliage, often perching at a considerable height. The echoing calls of the Banded Bay Cuckoo add an enchanting note to the sanctuary’s auditory landscape, creating a sense of wonder for those lucky enough to witness its elusive presence.

Crested Serpent-Eagle:

The Crested Serpent-Eagle, a majestic raptor with a distinctive crest and striking plumage, soars through the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With piercing eyes and powerful talons, this eagle is often observed in open areas and forest clearings, scanning the ground for prey. The commanding presence and soaring flight of the Crested Serpent-Eagle contribute to the dynamic and diverse avian community of Karnala, showcasing the prowess of raptors in the sanctuary’s varied landscapes.

Scaly-breasted Munia:

The Scaly-breasted Munia, a charming and sociable finch, brings a touch of warmth to the grassy expanses of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its intricate scaly plumage and cheerful chirps, this munia is often seen in flocks, creating a lively and communal atmosphere. The melodic calls and social interactions of the Scaly-breasted Munia contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, showcasing the importance of community dynamics in Karnala.

Indian Cuckoo:

The Indian Cuckoo, a harbinger of the changing seasons, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its melodic calls and migratory presence. With shades of brown and a distinctive pattern on its underparts, this cuckoo is often heard during the monsoon season, marking the arrival of rains. The enchanting calls of the Indian Cuckoo contribute to the sanctuary’s auditory richness, symbolizing the cyclical nature of life within Karnala.

Heart-spotted Woodpecker:

The Heart-spotted Woodpecker, a tiny and charismatic woodpecker, adds a splash of color to the trees of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its vibrant red cap and a heart-shaped pattern on its underparts, this woodpecker is a visual delight as it taps rhythmically on tree trunks in search of insects. The rhythmic drumming sounds and bright appearance of the Heart-spotted Woodpecker contribute to the lively and engaging ambiance of the sanctuary, showcasing the diversity of woodpecker species that thrive in Karnala.

Peregrine Falcon:

The Peregrine Falcon, a symbol of speed and aerial prowess, graces the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its sleek form and high-speed flights. With distinctive dark markings on its face, this falcon is often observed in open areas, executing spectacular dives to catch its prey. The dynamic and powerful flights of the Peregrine Falcon contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, highlighting the role of raptors in the ecological balance of Karnala.

Jerdon’s Leafbird:

Jerdon’s Leafbird, a dazzling resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, adds a vibrant touch to the green canopy with its striking plumage. With shades of green, blue, and yellow, this leafbird is a visual marvel as it flits through the foliage, resembling a living jewel. The melodious and varied calls of Jerdon’s Leafbird contribute to the lively soundscape of the sanctuary, creating an enchanting atmosphere that showcases the beauty and diversity of birdlife within Karnala.

Sirkeer Malkoha:

The Sirkeer Malkoha, a secretive and arboreal resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, adds an air of mystery to the woodlands with its subtle yet captivating appearance. With shades of brown and a distinctive greenish hue, this malkoha is often observed perched in dense vegetation, hunting for insects and small creatures. The low and resonant calls of the Sirkeer Malkoha contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse auditory landscape, creating a tranquil ambiance that reflects the hidden wonders within Karnala.

Gray-bellied Cuckoo:

The Gray-bellied Cuckoo, a subtle and unassuming visitor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary, graces the woodlands with its muted plumage and gentle presence. With a grayish-brown coloration, this cuckoo blends seamlessly into the dense foliage, adding a touch of understated beauty to the sanctuary’s green landscapes. The soft and melodious calls of the Gray-bellied Cuckoo contribute to the sanctuary’s auditory richness, creating a harmonious environment that reflects the quiet elegance of birdlife within Karnala.

Indian Blackbird:

The Indian Blackbird, a familiar and adaptable songster, is a common resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With glossy black plumage and a bright orange-yellow eye-ring, this blackbird is often seen foraging for fruits and insects in open areas. The melodious and varied calls of the Indian Blackbird contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, creating a lively atmosphere that reflects the adaptability of certain bird species within Karnala.

Baya Weaver:

The Baya Weaver, a master architect and weaver, brings its intricate nests to the grasslands and wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With bright yellow and brown plumage, this weaver is often observed in colonies, building pendulous nests from grass and palm leaves. The communal calls and bustling activity of the Baya Weaver contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, showcasing the importance of social dynamics in the ecosystems of Karnala.

Oriental Turtle-Dove:

The Oriental Turtle-Dove, a gentle and serene visitor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary, graces the woodlands with its subtle beauty and soothing calls. With soft shades of gray and a distinctive crescent-shaped mark on its neck, this dove is often seen perched in trees, creating a tranquil ambiance. The gentle cooing sounds of the Oriental Turtle-Dove contribute to the sanctuary’s peaceful atmosphere, highlighting the role of doves in creating a sense of calm within Karnala.

Gray-fronted Green-Pigeon:

The Gray-fronted Green-Pigeon, a delightful and colorful pigeon, adds a splash of green to the trees of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With shades of green and a distinctive gray frontal band, this pigeon is often observed feasting on fruits in the canopy. The soft and musical calls of the Gray-fronted Green-Pigeon contribute to the sanctuary’s lively soundscape, creating an engaging atmosphere that showcases the diversity of pigeon species that thrive in Karnala.

White-rumped Munia:

The White-rumped Munia, a charming and gregarious finch, graces the grassy expanses of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle beauty and communal presence. With delicate shades of brown and a distinctive white rump, this munia is often seen in flocks, creating a lively and social atmosphere. The melodious and cheerful calls of the White-rumped Munia contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, showcasing the importance of communal dynamics in the ecosystems of Karnala.

Asian Emerald Dove:

The Asian Emerald Dove, a small and iridescent beauty, adds a touch of elegance to the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its vibrant emerald-green plumage and a distinctive white patch on its neck, this dove is a visual delight as it perches in the trees, creating a serene ambiance. The soft and gentle cooing sounds of the Asian Emerald Dove contribute to the sanctuary’s peaceful atmosphere, highlighting the role of doves in creating a sense of tranquility within Karnala.

Green Imperial-Pigeon:

The Green Imperial-Pigeon, a majestic and large pigeon, brings a sense of grandeur to the treetops of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With shades of green and a distinctive white patch on its neck, this pigeon is often observed in large flocks, feasting on fruits in the canopy. The deep and resonant calls of the Green Imperial-Pigeon contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, creating an engaging atmosphere that reflects the diversity of pigeon species within Karnala.

Gray Junglefowl:

The Gray Junglefowl, a wild and elusive relative of domesticated chickens, graces the dense woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its natural beauty and vibrant plumage. With muted shades of gray and intricate patterning, this junglefowl is often heard giving resonant calls and observed moving stealthily through the undergrowth. The wild and untamed presence of the Gray Junglefowl adds an element of wilderness to Karnala, symbolizing the natural heritage and diversity of birdlife within the sanctuary.

Changeable Hawk-Eagle:

The Changeable Hawk-Eagle, a powerful and agile raptor, soars through the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive plumage and keen eyesight. With the ability to adapt its appearance, this hawk-eagle showcases a range of colors from dark brown to pale gray. The commanding presence and soaring flight of the Changeable Hawk-Eagle contribute to the dynamic avian community of Karnala, highlighting the role of raptors in the ecological balance of the sanctuary.

Jerdon’s Nightjar:

Jerdon’s Nightjar, a nocturnal marvel, brings an air of mystery to the night skies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With intricate patterns of cryptic plumage that blend seamlessly with the surroundings, this nightjar is often heard during the night, emitting soft calls that echo through the sanctuary. The enigmatic and secretive nature of Jerdon’s Nightjar adds an element of intrigue to Karnala, symbolizing the hidden wonders that come alive in the nocturnal hours.

Red-wattled Lapwing:

The Red-wattled Lapwing, an iconic and vocal wader, graces the open areas and wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive appearance and loud calls. With a striking combination of black, white, and red markings, this lapwing is often observed running along the ground, creating a lively spectacle. The loud and distinctive calls of the Red-wattled Lapwing contribute to the vibrant soundscape of Karnala, showcasing the dynamic nature of birdlife within the sanctuary’s diverse habitats.

Mottled Wood-Owl:

The Mottled Wood-Owl, a majestic and nocturnal denizen of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, graces the darkened forests with its enigmatic presence. Cloaked in mottled brown and tan plumage, this owl is a symbol of mystery as it perches silently in the trees, surveying its surroundings. The deep and haunting hoots of the Mottled Wood-Owl resonate through the sanctuary at night, adding an ethereal touch to Karnala’s nocturnal symphony.

Yellow-footed Green-Pigeon:

The Yellow-footed Green-Pigeon, a vibrant and arboreal beauty, brings a splash of color to the treetops of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its striking green and yellow plumage, this pigeon is often observed feasting on fruits, adding a touch of tropical vibrancy to the canopy. The soft cooing sounds and fluttering movements of the Yellow-footed Green-Pigeon contribute to the lively and engaging atmosphere of the sanctuary, showcasing the diversity of pigeon species that thrive in Karnala.

Spotted Owlet:

The Spotted Owlet, a small and endearing owl, adds a charming presence to the landscapes of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With distinctive spotted plumage and bright yellow eyes, this owl is often seen perched in trees or on man-made structures, creating a sense of familiarity within the sanctuary. The soft and rhythmic calls of the Spotted Owlet contribute to the sanctuary’s auditory richness, highlighting the adaptability and resilience of these nocturnal hunters in Karnala.

Rosy Starling:

The Rosy Starling, a striking and sociable migrant, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its rosy-pink plumage and gregarious nature. With shimmering shades of pink and black, this starling is often observed in large flocks, creating a visual spectacle against the green landscape. The lively calls and bustling activities of the Rosy Starling contribute to the vibrant avian community of Karnala, symbolizing the seasonal movements and dynamics of migratory birds within the sanctuary.

Indian Cormorant:

The Indian Cormorant, a sleek and aquatic hunter, adds a touch of elegance to the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With black plumage and a distinctive slender neck, this cormorant is often seen diving and swimming in search of fish. The graceful and synchronized movements of the Indian Cormorant contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, showcasing the adaptability and hunting prowess of waterfowl within Karnala.

White-eyed Buzzard:

The White-eyed Buzzard, a graceful and diurnal raptor, soars through the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive appearance and keen eyesight. With a white eye-ring and a mottled brown plumage, this buzzard is often observed perched in trees or on utility poles, scanning the ground for prey. The commanding presence and soaring flight of the White-eyed Buzzard contribute to the dynamic avian community of Karnala, emphasizing the importance of raptors in the sanctuary’s ecosystems.

Siberian Stonechat:

The Siberian Stonechat, a petite and migratory songbird, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal visits, adding a touch of northern charm to the landscape. With a combination of black, white, and rusty plumage, this stonechat is often seen perched on shrubs and low vegetation. The melodious calls and fleeting movements of the Siberian Stonechat contribute to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the interconnectedness of birdlife across different regions within Karnala.

Paddyfield Pipit:

The Paddyfield Pipit, a slender and unassuming inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, finds its home in the open grasslands, blending seamlessly with the golden hues of the fields. With subtle streaks and a streaked crown, this pipit is often seen foraging for insects amidst the grass. The sweet and melodious calls of the Paddyfield Pipit contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian chorus, creating a harmonious atmosphere that echoes across the expansive grassy expanses.

Common Rosefinch:

The Common Rosefinch, a charming and rosy-hued visitor, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its vibrant presence during its migratory journeys. With hues of pink and crimson, this finch is often seen perched in shrubs and low vegetation, adding a burst of color to the greenery. The musical and cheerful calls of the Common Rosefinch contribute to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the cyclical nature of bird migrations within Karnala.

Oriental Honey-buzzard:

The Oriental Honey-buzzard, a majestic and aerial raptor, soars through the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive appearance and specialized feeding habits. With broad wings and a sleek silhouette, this honey-buzzard is often observed gliding effortlessly, searching for nests and honeycombs. The commanding presence and aerial agility of the Oriental Honey-buzzard contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, showcasing the ecological role of raptors in Karnala.

Black Eagle:

The Black Eagle, a powerful and regal raptor, graces the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its dark plumage and impressive wingspan. With keen eyesight and powerful talons, this eagle is often observed soaring over the woodlands, searching for prey. The majestic presence and commanding flight of the Black Eagle contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, highlighting the importance of raptors in maintaining the ecological balance of Karnala.

Red-rumped Swallow:

The Red-rumped Swallow, a graceful and acrobatic migrant, brings its aerial prowess to Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal visits. With distinctive red markings on its rump and a swift, darting flight, this swallow is often observed skimming over water bodies and open areas. The agile and swift movements of the Red-rumped Swallow contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the interconnectedness of birdlife across different regions within Karnala.

Yellow-browed Warbler:

The Yellow-browed Warbler, a petite and lively songbird, adds a touch of vibrancy to the dense foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its migratory journeys. With a bright yellow eyebrow stripe and subtle greenish plumage, this warbler is often heard before it is seen, emitting high-pitched and melodious calls. The lively and energetic presence of the Yellow-browed Warbler contributes to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, showcasing the diversity of migratory birds that find refuge in Karnala.

Hume’s Warbler:

Hume’s Warbler, a subtle and elusive visitor to Karnala Bird Sanctuary, graces the dense woodlands during its migratory travels. With muted shades of olive and a distinctive eye-ring, this warbler is often observed flitting through the canopy, foraging for insects. The soft and gentle calls of Hume’s Warbler contribute to the sanctuary’s auditory richness, creating a tranquil ambiance that reflects the subtle beauty of migratory birdlife within Karnala.

Booted Warbler:

The Booted Warbler, a delicate and unassuming songbird, adds a touch of elegance to the dense vegetation of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With subtle shades of brown and a distinctive pale eye-ring, this warbler is often observed flitting through the underbrush, searching for insects. The sweet and melodious notes of the Booted Warbler contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian symphony, creating a harmonious atmosphere that resonates through the woodlands.

Taiga Flycatcher:

The Taiga Flycatcher, a petite and migratory gem, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal visits, bringing a burst of activity to the woodlands. With subtle gray and yellow plumage, this flycatcher is often seen perched on branches, making sallies to catch flying insects. The energetic and agile movements of the Taiga Flycatcher contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the interconnectedness of birdlife across different regions within Karnala.

Common Chiffchaff:

The Common Chiffchaff, a small and lively warbler, adds its cheerful presence to the foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With olive-brown plumage and a distinctive eye-ring, this warbler is often observed darting through trees and shrubs, hunting for insects. The rhythmic and repetitive calls of the Common Chiffchaff contribute to the sanctuary’s lively soundscape, creating an engaging atmosphere that reflects the energetic nature of birdlife within Karnala.

Forest Wagtail:

The Forest Wagtail, a slender and graceful migrant, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive appearance and aerial acrobatics. With a striking combination of black, white, and yellow plumage, this wagtail is often observed bobbing its tail and foraging on the ground. The agile and playful movements of the Forest Wagtail contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the seasonal movements and diversity of migratory birds within Karnala.

Indian White-eye:

The Indian White-eye, a charming and sociable songbird, adds a touch of sweetness to the trees of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With bright yellow plumage and a distinctive white eye-ring, this white-eye is often observed in small flocks, creating a lively and communal atmosphere. The melodious and varied calls of the Indian White-eye contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, showcasing the importance of social dynamics in the ecosystems of Karnala.

Sulphur-bellied Warbler:

The Sulphur-bellied Warbler, a lively and colorful visitor during its migratory journeys, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its vibrant plumage and energetic presence. With shades of yellow and green, this warbler is often seen flitting through the vegetation, hunting for insects. The cheerful and melodious calls of the Sulphur-bellied Warbler contribute to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the cyclical nature of bird migrations within Karnala.

Spot-breasted Fantail:

The Spot-breasted Fantail, a delightful and acrobatic bird, adds a touch of flair to the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its distinctive black and white plumage and a spotted breast, this fantail is often observed fanning its tail and performing aerial displays. The playful and animated movements of the Spot-breasted Fantail contribute to the sanctuary’s lively avian community, creating an engaging atmosphere that showcases the diversity of fantail species within Karnala.

Ultramarine Flycatcher:

The Ultramarine Flycatcher, a jewel-like resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, brings a splash of vivid blue to the verdant foliage. With its striking ultramarine plumage and distinctive white eye-ring, this flycatcher is often seen perched on branches, waiting patiently to dart after flying insects. The sweet and melodious calls of the Ultramarine Flycatcher contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian symphony, creating a harmonious atmosphere that resonates through the woodlands.

Western Yellow Wagtail:

The Western Yellow Wagtail, a lively and migratory songbird, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal travels, bringing a burst of color to the open areas and water bodies. With vibrant yellow plumage and a distinctive strut, this wagtail is often observed foraging for insects along the water’s edge. The energetic and dynamic movements of the Western Yellow Wagtail contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the seasonal movements and vibrancy of migratory birds within Karnala.

Chestnut-winged Cuckoo:

The Chestnut-winged Cuckoo, an elusive and arboreal resident of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, adds an air of mystery to the dense woodlands. With muted shades of chestnut and a distinctive call, this cuckoo is often heard echoing through the trees. The secretive and enchanting presence of the Chestnut-winged Cuckoo contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the hidden wonders that thrive within the sanctuary’s wooded realms.

Tree Pipit:

The Tree Pipit, a slender and unassuming visitor, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its migratory sojourns, creating a subtle yet charming presence in the grassy expanses. With streaked brown plumage and a distinctive tail, this pipit is often seen perched on trees, delivering melodious and trilling calls. The sweet and rhythmic notes of the Tree Pipit contribute to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the interconnectedness of birdlife across different regions within Karnala.

White-naped Woodpecker:

The White-naped Woodpecker, a striking and arboreal bird, adds a touch of excitement to the trees of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With bold black and white plumage and a distinctive red crown, this woodpecker is often observed drumming on tree trunks in search of insects. The rhythmic and resonant sounds of the White-naped Woodpecker contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, creating an engaging atmosphere that showcases the importance of woodpeckers in Karnala’s ecosystems.

Alpine Swift:

The Alpine Swift, a master of the skies, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its swift and acrobatic flight. With sleek black plumage and a distinctive white belly, this swift is often observed soaring high above, catching insects on the wing. The swift and agile movements of the Alpine Swift contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the grace and mastery of aerial predators within Karnala.

Indian Nightjar:

The Indian Nightjar, a nocturnal marvel, adds an enchanting touch to the night skies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With cryptic plumage that blends seamlessly with the surroundings, this nightjar is often heard emitting soft and rhythmic calls during the night. The enigmatic and secretive nature of the Indian Nightjar contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse nocturnal community, symbolizing the hidden wonders that come alive in the darkness of Karnala.

Indian Scops-Owl:

The Indian Scops-Owl, a mysterious and nocturnal inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, graces the night with its enigmatic presence. With intricate patterns of cryptic plumage and a distinctive heart-shaped facial disc, this owl is often heard emitting soft and haunting calls in the moonlit darkness. The elusive and captivating nature of the Indian Scops-Owl adds an air of enchantment to Karnala, symbolizing the hidden wonders that unfold under the cover of night.

Tawny-bellied Babbler:

The Tawny-bellied Babbler, a lively and social songbird, brings a sense of camaraderie to the dense undergrowth of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With warm tawny plumage and a distinctive eye-stripe, this babbler is often observed in small, energetic flocks, foraging for insects and small invertebrates. The cheerful and varied calls of the Tawny-bellied Babbler contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, creating an engaging atmosphere that reflects the importance of social dynamics in Karnala’s ecosystems.

Long-tailed Shrike:

The Long-tailed Shrike, a sleek and predatory songbird, adds a touch of fierceness to the open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a long, distinctive tail and a masked appearance, this shrike is often observed perched on prominent branches, scanning the surroundings for prey. The bold and assertive presence of the Long-tailed Shrike contributes to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the role of predators in maintaining ecological balance within Karnala.

Wire-tailed Swallow:

The Wire-tailed Swallow, a graceful and aerial acrobat, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its sleek silhouette and distinctive wire-like tail extensions. With iridescent blue plumage and swift, darting flight, this swallow is often observed skimming over water bodies, catching insects on the wing. The agile and swift movements of the Wire-tailed Swallow contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the grace and mastery of aerial predators within Karnala.

Western Marsh Harrier:

The Western Marsh Harrier, a majestic and marsh-dwelling raptor, soars over the wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive appearance and keen hunting skills. With a characteristic white rump and dark plumage, this harrier is often observed gliding low over the water, searching for prey. The commanding presence and skilled flight of the Western Marsh Harrier contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, highlighting the importance of raptors in the wetland ecosystems of Karnala.

Clamorous Reed Warbler:

The Clamorous Reed Warbler, a vocal and energetic songster, adds its lively presence to the reed beds and wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With warm brown plumage and a distinctive song that resonates through the marshes, this warbler is often heard before it is seen. The cheerful and melodious calls of the Clamorous Reed Warbler contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant soundscape, creating an auditory experience that reflects the richness of birdlife within Karnala.

Red-naped Ibis:

The Red-naped Ibis, a stately and wading bird, graces the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive appearance and social behavior. With a striking red nape and glossy black plumage, this ibis is often observed foraging for aquatic invertebrates and small fish. The graceful and communal movements of the Red-naped Ibis contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the interconnectedness of birdlife within Karnala’s wetland habitats.

Red Avadavat:

The Red Avadavat, a dazzling and vibrantly hued songbird, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its brilliant red plumage and distinctive beak. Also known as the Strawberry Finch, this avadavat is often observed in small flocks, adding a burst of color to the grassy expanses. The cheerful and social nature of the Red Avadavat contributes to the sanctuary’s lively avian community, creating a visual spectacle that symbolizes the diversity of birdlife within Karnala.

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater:

The Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, a striking and aerial marvel, adds a touch of iridescence to the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With vibrant blue plumage and a distinctive black mask, this bee-eater is often observed in acrobatic flight, catching insects on the wing. The agile and graceful movements of the Blue-cheeked Bee-eater contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the beauty and precision of aerial predators within Karnala.

Brown Wood-Owl:

The Brown Wood-Owl, a majestic and nocturnal inhabitant of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, graces the darkened woodlands with its impressive presence. Cloaked in shades of brown and with a distinctive facial disk, this owl is often heard emitting deep and resonant hoots in the quiet night. The enigmatic and regal nature of the Brown Wood-Owl adds an air of mystery to Karnala, symbolizing the hidden wonders that come alive under the moonlit canopy.

Brown-breasted Flycatcher:

The Brown-breasted Flycatcher, a petite and charming songbird, adds a touch of elegance to the dense foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With subtle brown and white plumage and a distinctive eye-ring, this flycatcher is often observed perched on branches, waiting patiently to catch flying insects. The sweet and melodious notes of the Brown-breasted Flycatcher contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian symphony, creating a harmonious atmosphere that resonates through the woodlands.

Zitting Cisticola:

The Zitting Cisticola, a lively and acrobatic songster, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive calls and aerial displays. With streaked brown plumage and a characteristic habit of perching on tall grass stems, this cisticola is often observed singing its zitting song, filling the air with cheerful notes. The energetic and animated movements of the Zitting Cisticola contribute to the sanctuary’s lively avian community, symbolizing the vitality and diversity of birdlife within Karnala.

Little Spiderhunter:

The Little Spiderhunter, a delicate and nectar-feeding songbird, adds a touch of grace to the flowering trees of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a slender bill and iridescent plumage, this spiderhunter is often seen flitting from flower to flower, sipping nectar with its specialized tongue. The delicate and purposeful movements of the Little Spiderhunter contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, showcasing the importance of nectar-feeding birds in Karnala’s ecosystems.

Asian Openbill:

The Asian Openbill, a distinctive and wading bird, graces the wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its unique bill shape and stately presence. With a gap between the mandibles that resembles an open pair of scissors, this openbill is often observed foraging for aquatic invertebrates in shallow waters. The communal and serene movements of the Asian Openbill contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the interconnectedness of birdlife within Karnala’s wetland habitats.

Common Buzzard:

The Common Buzzard, a majestic and widespread raptor, graces the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its impressive wingspan and keen hunting skills. With earth-toned plumage and piercing eyes, this buzzard is often observed soaring effortlessly, riding thermal currents in search of prey. The commanding presence and skilled flight of the Common Buzzard contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the role of predators in maintaining ecological balance within Karnala.

Hair-crested Drongo:

The Hair-crested Drongo, an elegant and vocal songbird, adds a touch of charisma to the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With glossy black plumage and distinctive elongated central tail feathers, this drongo is often seen perched prominently, mimicking the calls of other bird species. The playful and interactive nature of the Hair-crested Drongo contributes to the sanctuary’s lively avian community, creating an engaging atmosphere that showcases the intelligence and adaptability of these charismatic songbirds.

Indian Spotted Eagle:

The Indian Spotted Eagle, a majestic and powerful raptor, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive appearance and soaring flight. With a spotted plumage pattern and a keen gaze, this eagle is often observed circling high above, scanning the landscape for potential prey. The commanding presence and impressive flight of the Indian Spotted Eagle contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the importance of raptors in Karnala’s ecosystems.

Sykes’s Warbler:

Sykes’s Warbler, a subtle and migratory songbird, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal journeys, bringing a touch of understated beauty to the dense vegetation. With muted olive-brown plumage and a distinctive pale eyebrow, this warbler is often heard emitting soft and melodious calls. The gentle and harmonious presence of Sykes’s Warbler contributes to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the cyclical nature of bird migrations within Karnala.

Western Reef-Heron:

The Western Reef-Heron, an elegant and coastal wader, adds a touch of grace to the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a sleek gray plumage and a characteristic hunch in its stance, this heron is often observed foraging for fish and invertebrates along the shoreline. The serene and measured movements of the Western Reef-Heron contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the diversity of birdlife within Karnala’s wetland habitats.

Gray Heron:

The Gray Heron, a statuesque and widespread wader, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its towering presence and patient hunting strategies. With a distinctive gray plumage and a long, slender neck, this heron is often observed standing motionless in shallow waters, waiting for the perfect moment to strike at prey. The calm and deliberate movements of the Gray Heron contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, highlighting the role of waders in Karnala’s wetland ecosystems.

Barn Swallow:

The Barn Swallow, a swift and agile aerial acrobat, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive forked tail and long wings. With cobalt-blue plumage and a characteristic red throat, this swallow is often observed swooping and darting through the air, catching insects on the wing. The swift and graceful movements of the Barn Swallow contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the beauty and agility of aerial predators within Karnala.

Indian Pied Starling:

The Indian Pied Starling, a distinctive and sociable songbird, adds a touch of contrast to the urban landscapes and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With striking black-and-white plumage and a yellow bill, this starling is often observed in noisy and bustling flocks, creating a lively atmosphere. The gregarious and adaptable nature of the Indian Pied Starling contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the resilience of birdlife in varying habitats within Karnala.

Slaty-legged Crake:

The Slaty-legged Crake, a secretive and marsh-dwelling bird, graces the wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its elusive presence. With subtle shades of gray and a distinctive long bill, this crake is often heard emitting soft calls from the dense vegetation. The enigmatic and hidden nature of the Slaty-legged Crake adds an air of mystery to Karnala, symbolizing the concealed wonders that thrive within the sanctuary’s wetland habitats.

White-breasted Waterhen:

The White-breasted Waterhen, a bold and adaptable wader, brings a touch of liveliness to the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a distinctive white breast and a long red bill, this waterhen is often observed foraging in shallow waters, using its sharp eyes to spot aquatic invertebrates. The confident and active movements of the White-breasted Waterhen contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the resilience of birdlife in Karnala’s wetland habitats.

Rufous-bellied Eagle:

The Rufous-bellied Eagle, a powerful and raptor with regal plumage, soars over the skies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary, symbolizing the sanctuary’s diverse avian community. With a striking combination of dark and rufous plumage and a commanding presence, this eagle is often observed gliding majestically, scanning the landscape for potential prey. The impressive flight and predatory prowess of the Rufous-bellied Eagle contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic ecosystems, highlighting the importance of raptors in Karnala.

Malabar Parakeet:

The Malabar Parakeet, a vibrant and forest-dwelling parrot, adds a burst of color to the dense canopies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With emerald-green plumage and a distinctive red beak, this parakeet is often observed in noisy and social flocks, foraging on fruits and seeds. The lively and communal nature of the Malabar Parakeet contributes to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, creating a visual spectacle that symbolizes the diversity of birdlife within Karnala.

Jungle Myna:

The Jungle Myna, a charismatic and adaptable songbird, brings its lively presence to various habitats within Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With contrasting black and yellow plumage and a raucous call, this myna is often observed in urban areas and forest edges, showcasing its ability to thrive in diverse environments. The versatile and resilient nature of the Jungle Myna contributes to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the adaptability of birdlife in Karnala.

Little Swift:

The Little Swift, a dexterous and aerial acrobat, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its swift and graceful flight. With dark plumage and distinctive sickle-shaped wings, this swift is often observed soaring high above, catching insects on the wing. The agile and swift movements of the Little Swift contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the beauty and mastery of aerial predators within Karnala.

Purple Heron:

The Purple Heron, a stately and wading bird, graces the wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its regal plumage and elegant demeanor. With shades of purple and blue-gray, this heron is often observed standing patiently in shallow waters, waiting for the opportune moment to strike at fish or amphibians. The dignified and deliberate movements of the Purple Heron contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the grace and beauty of waders within Karnala.

Barn Owl:

The Barn Owl, a nocturnal and enigmatic hunter, adds an air of mystery to the night skies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With heart-shaped facial discs and pale plumage, this owl is often heard emitting eerie calls in the quiet darkness. The elusive and silent flight of the Barn Owl contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse nocturnal community, symbolizing the hidden wonders that unfold under the moonlit canopy of Karnala.

Nilgiri Flowerpecker:

The Nilgiri Flowerpecker, a delicate and nectar-feeding songbird, adds a touch of vibrancy to the flowering trees of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With shades of green and crimson, this flowerpecker is often seen flitting from blossom to blossom, sipping nectar with its specialized bill. The tiny and purposeful movements of the Nilgiri Flowerpecker contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, showcasing the importance of nectar-feeding birds in Karnala’s ecosystems.

Jungle Nightjar:

The Jungle Nightjar, a cryptic and nocturnal marvel, graces Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle plumage and haunting calls. With intricate patterns that provide excellent camouflage, this nightjar is often heard before it is seen, emitting soft and rhythmic churring sounds in the darkness. The mysterious and enigmatic nature of the Jungle Nightjar adds an air of intrigue to Karnala, symbolizing the hidden wonders that come alive under the cover of night.

Glossy Ibis:

The Glossy Ibis, a sleek and migratory wader, adds a touch of elegance to the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With iridescent plumage that shimmers in the sunlight, this ibis is often observed foraging for small aquatic invertebrates in shallow waters. The graceful and deliberate movements of the Glossy Ibis contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the beauty and diversity of birdlife within Karnala’s wetland habitats.

Indian Spot-billed Duck:

The Indian Spot-billed Duck, a sociable and widespread waterfowl, graces the ponds and lakes of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive appearance and quacking calls. With a mottled plumage and a spotted bill, this duck is often observed dabbling in the water, feeding on aquatic plants and small invertebrates. The communal and cheerful nature of the Indian Spot-billed Duck contributes to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the vitality of waterfowl within Karnala.

Green-winged Teal:

The Green-winged Teal, a dainty and migratory duck, brings a touch of color and grace to the water bodies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal visits. With striking green wing patches and intricate patterns, this teal is often observed dabbling and skimming across the water’s surface. The elegant and swift movements of the Green-winged Teal contribute to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the interconnectedness of birdlife in different regions within Karnala.

Little Grebe:

The Little Grebe, a diminutive and agile waterbird, graces the ponds and lakes of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its charming presence. With a sleek profile and distinctive red eyes, this grebe is often observed diving beneath the water’s surface in search of aquatic invertebrates. The swift and graceful movements of the Little Grebe contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the adaptability and resourcefulness of waterbirds within Karnala.

Eurasian Spoonbill:

The Eurasian Spoonbill, a distinctive and wading bird with a unique bill shape, adds a touch of elegance to the wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a long, flat bill resembling a spoon, this spoonbill is often observed sweeping side to side in shallow waters, filtering out small aquatic prey. The stately and deliberate movements of the Eurasian Spoonbill contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the diversity of feeding strategies within Karnala.

Common Sandpiper:

The Common Sandpiper, a dainty and migratory wader, graces the shores and mudflats of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its delicate presence. With a distinctive white belly and a habit of teetering back and forth, this sandpiper is often observed foraging for small invertebrates along the water’s edge. The agile and rhythmic movements of the Common Sandpiper contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the grace and efficiency of migratory shorebirds within Karnala.

Rufous-tailed Lark:

The Rufous-tailed Lark, a terrestrial and subtly colored songbird, adds a touch of warmth to the open grasslands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With muted brown plumage and a distinctive rufous tail, this lark is often heard emitting melodious songs while perched on elevated ground. The spirited and harmonious notes of the Rufous-tailed Lark contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant soundscape, creating an auditory experience that reflects the richness of birdlife within Karnala’s grassy expanses.

Great Cormorant:

The Great Cormorant, a sleek and proficient fisher, graces the waters of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its dark plumage and distinctive long neck. Often observed perched on rocks or drying its outstretched wings, this cormorant is a skilled diver, hunting for fish beneath the water’s surface. The dynamic and purposeful movements of the Great Cormorant contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the role of skilled piscivores within Karnala.

Amur Falcon:

The Amur Falcon, a migratory raptor known for its striking appearance, graces the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal journeys. With a combination of slate-gray and chestnut plumage, this falcon is often observed in agile flight, catching insects on the wing. The swift and breathtaking movements of the Amur Falcon contribute to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the wonder of long-distance bird migrations within Karnala.

Greater Spotted Eagle:

The Greater Spotted Eagle, a majestic and powerful raptor, soars over the landscapes of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its impressive wingspan and keen eyesight. With a mix of dark and light plumage and a distinctive white spot on its shoulders, this eagle is often observed circling high above, searching for prey on the ground. The commanding presence and skilled flight of the Greater Spotted Eagle contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, highlighting the importance of raptors in maintaining ecological balance within Karnala.

Nilgiri Wood-Pigeon:

The Nilgiri Wood-Pigeon, a gentle and forest-dwelling bird, graces the woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle beauty. With muted shades of gray and a distinctive maroon patch on its nape, this wood-pigeon is often observed perched high in the canopy, blending seamlessly with the dappled sunlight. The serene and unobtrusive presence of the Nilgiri Wood-Pigeon contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the quiet elegance of birds that inhabit Karnala’s wooded realms.

Olive-backed Pipit:

The Olive-backed Pipit, a small and migratory songbird, brings a touch of liveliness to the grassy expanses of Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal visits. With olive-green plumage and subtle streaks, this pipit is often observed foraging for insects on the ground, showcasing its agile movements. The sprightly and energetic nature of the Olive-backed Pipit contributes to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the transient yet vibrant presence of migratory birds within Karnala.

Dusky Crag-Martin:

The Dusky Crag-Martin, an agile and aerial acrobat, graces the rocky cliffs and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its swift flight and distinctive appearance. With dark plumage and a contrasting paler rump, this martin is often observed darting through the air, catching insects in flight. The swift and dynamic movements of the Dusky Crag-Martin contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the beauty and adaptability of aerial predators within Karnala.

Savanna Nightjar:

The Savanna Nightjar, a nocturnal and cryptic bird, adds an air of mystery to the night skies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With intricate patterns that provide excellent camouflage against the ground, this nightjar is often heard emitting soft churring calls during the quiet darkness. The enigmatic and elusive nature of the Savanna Nightjar highlights the hidden wonders that come alive under the moonlit canopy of Karnala.

Jungle Bush-Quail:

The Jungle Bush-Quail, a terrestrial and well-camouflaged bird, graces the grassy and shrubby areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its discreet presence. With cryptic plumage that blends seamlessly with its surroundings, this bush-quail is often observed foraging for seeds and insects on the ground. The subtle and unassuming nature of the Jungle Bush-Quail contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the hidden gems that thrive within Karnala’s grassy habitats.

Blue-tailed Bee-eater:

The Blue-tailed Bee-eater, a colorful and aerial insectivore, brings a burst of vibrant hues to the skies above Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With iridescent green and blue plumage and a distinctive tail streamer, this bee-eater is often observed perched on wires or branches, sallying forth to catch flying insects. The energetic and agile movements of the Blue-tailed Bee-eater contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the beauty and efficiency of aerial hunters within Karnala.

Blue-capped Rock-Thrush:

The Blue-capped Rock-Thrush, a striking and melodious songbird, graces the rocky outcrops and forested areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its vibrant plumage and enchanting tunes. With deep blue cap and contrasting orange underparts, this thrush is often observed singing from exposed perches, filling the air with its sweet melodies. The captivating and harmonious presence of the Blue-capped Rock-Thrush contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian symphony, symbolizing the beauty of songbirds that inhabit Karnala’s varied landscapes.

Black-naped Oriole:

The Black-naped Oriole, a vibrant and vocal songbird, graces the canopies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its striking yellow plumage and distinctive black nape. With a melodious and flute-like song, this oriole is often observed perched on tree branches, adding a splash of color and music to the sanctuary’s wooded realms. The lively and expressive nature of the Black-naped Oriole contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the enchantment of songbirds within Karnala.

Tickell’s Thrush:

Tickell’s Thrush, a migratory and subtly colored songbird, brings a touch of elegance to the dense foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary during its seasonal visits. With earthy brown plumage and speckled markings, this thrush is often observed foraging for insects on the forest floor, showcasing its discreet yet graceful movements. The understated beauty and graceful presence of Tickell’s Thrush contribute to the sanctuary’s seasonal richness, symbolizing the transient yet captivating nature of migratory birds within Karnala.

Eurasian Wryneck:

The Eurasian Wryneck, a cryptic and uniquely patterned woodpecker, graces the trees and wooded areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its intriguing appearance. With mottled brown plumage and a habit of twisting its neck in a curious manner, this wryneck is often observed probing tree bark for insects. The quirky and fascinating nature of the Eurasian Wryneck contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the charm of distinctive woodpeckers within Karnala.

Vernal Hanging-Parrot:

The Vernal Hanging-Parrot, a lively and colorful parrot, adds a burst of tropical hues to the green canopies of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With vibrant green plumage and a distinctive red patch on its throat, this hanging-parrot is often observed feeding on fruits and nectar, displaying its acrobatic prowess. The energetic and social nature of the Vernal Hanging-Parrot contributes to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, symbolizing the beauty of parrots that thrive within Karnala’s lush vegetation.

Steppe Eagle:

The Steppe Eagle, a majestic and powerful raptor, soars over the landscapes of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its impressive wingspan and keen eyesight. With a mix of dark and light plumage and a distinctive feathered nape, this eagle is often observed circling high above, scanning the ground for prey. The commanding presence and skilled flight of the Steppe Eagle contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, highlighting the importance of raptors in maintaining ecological balance within Karnala.

Blue Rock-Thrush:

The Blue Rock-Thrush, a bold and striking songbird, graces the rocky outcrops and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its vibrant blue plumage and melodic songs. With a cheerful and varied repertoire of notes, this thrush is often observed perched on rocks or structures, showcasing its vocal talents. The vibrant and melodious presence of the Blue Rock-Thrush contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian symphony, symbolizing the beauty of songbirds that inhabit Karnala’s varied landscapes.

Black-winged Stilt:

The Black-winged Stilt, a graceful and long-legged wader, adds elegance to the shallow waters of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its black-and-white plumage and slender appearance. With distinctive long legs and a straight bill, this stilt is often observed wading through wetlands, foraging for small aquatic invertebrates. The sleek and purposeful movements of the Black-winged Stilt contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the beauty and adaptability of wading birds within Karnala.

Eurasian Kestrel:

The Eurasian Kestrel, a master of the skies and a compact raptor, graces the open landscapes of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its keen eyes and swift flight. With a striking combination of rusty-brown and gray plumage, this kestrel is often observed hovering in the air, searching for small mammals and birds. The agile and focused movements of the Eurasian Kestrel contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the prowess of small but mighty hunters within Karnala.

Eurasian Crag-Martin:

The Eurasian Crag-Martin, a swift and agile aerial acrobat, adds a dynamic touch to the rocky cliffs and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With dark plumage and a distinctive white rump, this martin is often observed darting through the air, catching insects in flight. The swift and acrobatic movements of the Eurasian Crag-Martin contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the beauty and adaptability of aerial predators within Karnala.

Striated Heron:

The Striated Heron, a sleek and solitary wader, graces the shallow waters and marshy areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its elegant presence. With finely striped plumage and a cautious demeanor, this heron is often observed patiently stalking its prey, waiting for the opportune moment to strike. The graceful and deliberate movements of the Striated Heron contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the patience and precision of wading birds within Karnala.

Chestnut-tailed Starling:

The Chestnut-tailed Starling, a sociable and gregarious songbird, brings a lively and communal atmosphere to the trees and open spaces of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With glossy iridescent plumage and a distinctive chestnut tail, this starling is often observed in large flocks, creating a symphony of calls and songs. The vibrant and social nature of the Chestnut-tailed Starling contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the joy of communal living among birds within Karnala.

Indian Yellow Tit:

The Indian Yellow Tit, a small and vibrant songbird, graces the woodlands and dense vegetation of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its lively presence. With yellow and black plumage and a cheerful demeanor, this tit is often observed flitting among branches, foraging for insects. The energetic and colorful nature of the Indian Yellow Tit contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the charm of small yet vibrant birds within Karnala.

Bay-backed Shrike:

The Bay-backed Shrike, a skillful and watchful predator, adds a touch of elegance to the shrubby and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a distinctive bay-colored back and a hooked bill, this shrike is often observed perched on exposed branches, scanning for insects and small vertebrates. The calculated and vigilant movements of the Bay-backed Shrike contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the role of predatory birds in maintaining ecological balance within Karnala.

Tickell’s Leaf Warbler:

Tickell’s Leaf Warbler, a small and active insectivore, brings a lively presence to the trees and foliage of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With subtle olive-green plumage and a distinctive eye-stripe, this warbler is often observed flitting about, gleaning insects from the leaves. The nimble and restless movements of Tickell’s Leaf Warbler contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the agility and adaptability of warblers within Karnala.

Red-headed Bunting:

The Red-headed Bunting, a vibrant and striking passerine, graces the grassy and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its dazzling plumage. With a bold combination of red, black, and white, this bunting is often observed perched on tall grasses, adding a splash of color to the sanctuary’s landscapes. The vivid and eye-catching appearance of the Red-headed Bunting contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the beauty of migratory birds that visit Karnala.

Green Sandpiper:

The Green Sandpiper, a slender and elegant wader, adds a touch of grace to the wetlands and mudflats of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With mottled brown plumage and a distinctive white eye-ring, this sandpiper is often observed foraging along the water’s edge, probing for insects and small invertebrates. The subtle and agile movements of the Green Sandpiper contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the beauty and delicacy of wading birds within Karnala.

Eurasian Collared-Dove:

The Eurasian Collared-Dove, a gentle and widespread dove species, graces the open areas and urban spaces of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its soft cooing calls and muted plumage. With a combination of pale gray and pinkish hues, this dove is often observed perched on trees or foraging on the ground, symbolizing peace and serenity in the sanctuary’s diverse avian community.

Cinereous Tit:

The Cinereous Tit, a small and charming songbird, brings a touch of liveliness to the wooded and forested areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With subtle gray plumage and a distinctive black cap, this tit is often observed flitting among branches, foraging for insects and seeds. The playful and agile movements of the Cinereous Tit contribute to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the charm of small birds that inhabit Karnala’s wooded landscapes.

Malabar Flameback:

The Malabar Flameback, a dazzling and flamboyant woodpecker, graces the trees and wooded areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its vibrant plumage and rhythmic drumming. With a striking combination of red, black, and yellow, this flameback is often observed climbing tree trunks, foraging for insects and larvae. The vibrant and energetic presence of the Malabar Flameback contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the beauty and diversity of woodpeckers within Karnala.

Common Babbler:

The Common Babbler, a sociable and chatty songbird, brings a lively and communal atmosphere to the shrubby and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With warm brown plumage and a distinctive eye-stripe, this babbler is often observed in groups, foraging for insects and emitting a cacophony of cheerful calls. The social and gregarious nature of the Common Babbler contributes to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the joy of communal living among birds within Karnala.

Brahminy Starling:

The Brahminy Starling, a sleek and iridescent starling species, graces the trees and urban spaces of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its glossy plumage and sociable nature. With a striking combination of black and purple-blue, this starling is often observed in small flocks, creating a lively and harmonious presence. The graceful and charming demeanor of the Brahminy Starling contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the beauty of starlings that thrive within Karnala’s varied habitats.

Square-tailed Bulbul:

The Square-tailed Bulbul, a small and lively songbird, graces the shrubby and wooded areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its melodious tunes and agile movements. With olive-brown plumage and a distinctive square-shaped tail, this bulbul is often observed flitting among branches, emitting cheerful calls that resonate through the sanctuary. The musical and dynamic presence of the Square-tailed Bulbul contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the beauty of songbirds that inhabit Karnala’s varied landscapes.

Greater Flamingo:

The Greater Flamingo, a majestic and tall wader, adds a touch of elegance to the shallow waters and mudflats of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its distinctive pink plumage, long neck, and slender legs, this flamingo is often observed wading through the water, filtering for small crustaceans and algae. The graceful and flamboyant presence of the Greater Flamingo contributes to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the beauty and grandeur of wading birds within Karnala.

Lesser Flamingo:

The Lesser Flamingo, a smaller and more delicately colored cousin to its greater counterpart, graces the wetlands and mudflats of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its subtle pink plumage and unique feeding behavior. Often observed in large flocks, the Lesser Flamingo adds a delicate touch to the sanctuary’s landscapes as it sifts through the water for microscopic organisms. The dainty and collective nature of the Lesser Flamingo contributes to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, symbolizing the beauty and diversity of flamingos within Karnala.

Tibetan Sand-Plover:

The Tibetan Sand-Plover, a dapper and well-camouflaged shorebird, graces the sandy shores and mudflats of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its unobtrusive yet distinctive appearance. With sandy-brown plumage and a conspicuous eye-ring, this sand-plover is often observed scurrying along the shoreline, foraging for small invertebrates. The subtle and efficient movements of the Tibetan Sand-Plover contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic coastal ecosystems, symbolizing the adaptability of shorebirds within Karnala.

Eurasian Curlew:

The Eurasian Curlew, a long-billed and elegant wader, adds a touch of grace to the wetlands and marshy areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a distinctive downward-curved bill and mottled brown plumage, this curlew is often observed probing the mud for worms and small crustaceans. The refined and purposeful movements of the Eurasian Curlew contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic aquatic ecosystems, symbolizing the beauty and functionality of long-billed waders within Karnala.

Common Greenshank:

The Common Greenshank, a slender and migratory wader, graces the shores and wetlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its sleek silhouette and distinctive long legs. With grayish-brown plumage and a slightly upturned bill, this greenshank is often observed wading in shallow water, foraging for small fish and invertebrates. The elegant and streamlined appearance of the Common Greenshank contributes to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, symbolizing the beauty and efficiency of migratory waders within Karnala.

Curlew Sandpiper:

The Curlew Sandpiper, a dainty and long-billed shorebird, adds a touch of delicacy to the sandy shores and mudflats of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a slender and slightly down-curved bill, this sandpiper is often observed darting along the water’s edge, probing for tiny invertebrates. The agile and nimble movements of the Curlew Sandpiper contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic coastal ecosystems, symbolizing the grace and adaptability of small shorebirds within Karnala.

Black Redstart:

The Black Redstart, a resilient and adaptable bird, graces the rocky outcrops and open areas of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its distinctive black and orange-red plumage. With a fondness for urban spaces and rocky terrains, this redstart is often observed flitting about, catching insects in flight or perching on exposed surfaces. The bold and contrasting colors of the Black Redstart contribute to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the beauty and adaptability of birds thriving in diverse habitats within Karnala.

White Wagtail:

The White Wagtail, a dainty and monochrome songbird, adds a touch of elegance to the wetlands and water edges of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With its crisp black and white plumage and long tail, this wagtail is often observed bobbing its tail while foraging for insects along the water’s edge. The sleek and rhythmic movements of the White Wagtail contribute to the sanctuary’s vibrant avian community, symbolizing the beauty and grace of birds that inhabit Karnala’s aquatic environments.

Blue-throated Flycatcher:

The Blue-throated Flycatcher, a small and enchanting bird, graces the wooded areas and dense vegetation of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its vibrant blue and white plumage. With a distinctive azure throat, this flycatcher is often observed perched on branches, making short sallies to catch insects in mid-air. The vivid and captivating appearance of the Blue-throated Flycatcher contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the beauty of small birds that bring color to Karnala’s lush greenery.

Brown-rumped Minivet:

The Brown-rumped Minivet, a delightful and sociable songbird, adds a burst of color to the tree canopies and open spaces of Karnala Bird Sanctuary. With a combination of bright yellow, black, and gray, this minivet is often observed in small groups, flitting about and emitting melodious calls. The lively and colorful presence of the Brown-rumped Minivet contributes to the sanctuary’s dynamic avian community, symbolizing the joy and vibrancy of songbirds within Karnala.

Ashy Woodswallow:

The Ashy Woodswallow, a sleek and distinctive bird, graces the open areas and woodlands of Karnala Bird Sanctuary with its striking ashy-gray plumage and hooked bill. Often observed in small flocks, these woodswallows are skilled aerial hunters, catching insects in flight with swift and agile movements. The streamlined and acrobatic nature of the Ashy Woodswallow contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the adaptability of birds thriving in open landscapes within Karnala.

White-rumped Vulture:

The White-rumped Vulture, a majestic and soaring raptor, plays a crucial role in Karnala Bird Sanctuary’s ecological balance as a scavenger. With its large wingspan and distinctive white rump, this vulture is often observed circling high in the sky, searching for carrion to feed upon. The powerful and efficient flight of the White-rumped Vulture contributes to the sanctuary’s diverse avian community, symbolizing the importance of scavengers in maintaining a healthy ecosystem within Karnala.